Bonsai can be created from most types of trees and shrubs that have woody stems and branches that can be pruned and shaped into different styles. A favorite for many growers are those with small leaves which maintain a beautiful proportion with the tree despite its small size. I remember when I first got interested in them I was surprised to learn that the same stock used for regular sized trees are the same used to create them. The art of bonsai is essentially shaping these regular sized trees into smaller ones as they grow through pruning and keeping them in small sized pots to contain the roots.
Having some knowledge of the different types is important because;
- it will determine how to best take care of the tree
- this also plays a role in determining which style to shape it
- will determine whether it will thrive better indoors or outdoors
- which environmental location it can be kept; some trees are more suited to warmer climates and will not thrive in colder areas
Types of trees
TROPICAL AND SUB TROPICAL TREES
Are native to warmer climates where they can be grown as outdoor bonsai. In colder places, they can be grown as indoor trees but will need access to many hours of natural sunlight or artificial grow lights. In the colder winter months, they should also be protected from the cold. Examples include Jade, Fukien tea, Ficus and Dwarf pomegranate.
Shed their leaves in the fall with new ones coming out in the spring. With proper care, they make great outdoor trees. They are indeed a great choice as the changes through the seasons means that they are interesting and exciting to look at throughout the year.
EVERGREENS AND CONIFEROUS
With their small leaves/ needles, these make breath taking small trees. Examples include junipers and spruces.
Below are more articles that will guide you in choosing the perfect tree.